JUVENILE - Attorneys and Laws for Minors
Juvenile law in the United States generally refers to the legal system for minors who commit crimes prior to the age of 17 or 18. Crimes committed by minors are tried by the juvenile court system of the state, and done so according to Juvenile laws enacted by state legislature. Some states will allow a juvenile delinquent to be prosecuted as an adult, depending on the minor's age, for very serious offenses such as murder. Anyone accused of a juvenile crime should consult an experienced juvenile attorney for assistance.
Juvenile law sets forth a juvenile criminal code with similar offenses as a standard adult criminal code, but provides punishments more fit for a juvenile delinquent. The juvenile court system can operate in a less formal manner than adult court, and views a number of factors to potentially avoid official charges such as the severity of the offense, the age of the offender, the child's behavioral history and past offenses, and whether or not the child's parents are able to control them. If formal charges are not filed the minor can avoid formal punishment, but be forced to pay for any damages caused and suffer consequences from other parties (such as the parents or a school). The juvenile court system may also file formal charges and conduct a hearing in front of a judge, or even a jury, just as a standard criminal court would. In such a case a minor convicted of a juvenile crime faces fines, community service, or time in a juvenile delinquent reform center. Those accused of a juvenile crime should hire an experienced juvenile attorney to represent them.
A juvenile attorney is an attorney specializing in the area of law that regulated minor's actions (generally, those under 18). The juvenile court system can be informal or formal, as such, it is important for the juvenile attorney to be able to negotiate appropriate punishment and defend the juvenile should charges be filed. A juvenile attorney must be flexible, and must serve as an aid to the child in a juvenile case.