Question Details:My sons ages 11 and 14 have been accused with criminal mischief. My boys where there but neither destroyed the property. The other boy involved admitted to doing the damage, but wasn't written a citation. However my boys did receive a citation and the officer talked ti my boys without my husband and i being present. Now since this happened prosecutors are wanting them to be punished. Was there constitutional rights violated. What are our legal rights? Should we consult with a juvenile law attorney> In Cleburne, AR.
The police can question a minor without their parent(s) present as the minor is not in custody. For example, when an officer reasonably believes that a minor has violated the law. The minor can be detained so the police may conduct an investigation. During such an initial detention, the police are not required to let a minor call their parents.
However, if the minor is in custody (i.e. arrest), then things change. In such a case, they have the right to call their parents and have their parents present during questioning. The fact is that anytime that the minor's Miranda rights are implicated they have a right to speak with their parents and have them present.
Note: If any one (adult or minor)is in custody and not given the Miranda warning no statements made by them can be used later against them. However, prior to being placed in custody any statements made can be used; or if they were read their rights and made voluntary statements after, those statements may be used.
Whether or not your son's rights were violated you should consult directly with a juvenile law attorney in your area as to how best to handle this situation.